World Warr II stimulated another divergence in the aeroplane’s development. The few biplanes surviving in front-line units quickly disappeared, while many of the advances in late-1930s civil aviation were hurriedly adapted for military use. Armament had improved little in the interwar period, but heavily-armed fighters soon predominated. High-speed bombers required efficient, power-operated turrets for their defensive weaponry, and bomb capacities and range also increased. Flying boats again proved valuable for patrol and anti-submarine work. Ground-attack, a role that had evolved at the end of World War I, assumed greater significance as control of airspace over a battlefield became vital. The aircraft carrier played a prominent part in the war
at sea. Following initial experiments in the 1930s, the jet engine became a practical proposition and the first jet-propelled fighters and bombers appeared towards the end of the war.

Gloster Meteor

Because of the surprising tardiness of the US's development…

Heinkel He 178

The Heinkel He 178 was the world's first aeroplane to fly purely…

Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik

The Soviet Ilyushin Il-2 Shturmovik ground-attack aircrafl was…

Boeing B-29 Superfortress

The Boeing B-29 was the aircraft that dropped atomic bombs on…

Short Sunderland

Few warplanes have been as graceful as the Short Sunderland…

Messerschmitt Bf 109

Designed by Willy Messcrschmitt. the Bf 109 fighter was the…

Junkers Ju 87 Stuka

Used as "aerial artillery to support fast-moving armoured columns,…

Focke-Wulf Fw 190

Designed by Kurt Tank, the Fw 190 is considered Germany's best…

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress

During World War II the daylight raids on Germany by massed…