Entries by Cayley

Junkers J.4

In 1917-18 the German Army’s “stormfliers” were a potent element in warfare in the Western Front. These death-defying aircrews flew in close support of infantry, descending low over the trenches during heavy ground-fighting to attack enemy troops with strafing, fragmentation bombs, and grenades. The armoured, all-metal Junkers biplane was their favourite mount; although heavy and cumbersome, it could carry them unscathed through a […]

Handley Page H.P.42

If any aeroplane Could be described as a stately galleon of the airways, it was Handle Page’s H.P.42.This extraordinary biplane was the first four-engine airliner in the world to go into regular passenger service. First Flown in 1931, it was used exclusively by Britain’s Imperial Airwais. The 38-passenger H.P. 42W (Western) version operated to Europe from Croydon Airport in Surrey, while the 24-passenger H.P.42E (Eastern) model […]

Dornier Rs.II

During World War I German engineer Dr Claude Darnier produced the first of the flying boats that would eventually win him fame. These giant aeroplanes reflected his abiding interest in metal as a material for aircraft construction, as well as his desire to work on a grand scale. The Rs.I, which Dornier built at the Zeppelin-Werke Lindau on Lake Constance in 1915, was […]

Short 184

The Short 184 was one of Ihe major seaplane types of World War I. It was designed in response to a British Admiralty specification, issued in September 1914, for a torpedo-carrying seaplane with a 225-hp Sunbeam engine. The resulting aircraft, produced by the Short Brothers’ company, was designated Admiralty Type 184. after the serial number allocated to the first prototype. From the spring […]

Lockheed SR-71A

One of the most amazing aeroplanes ever built, the SR-71A Blackbird originated from the CIA’s request for a replacement for the U-2 spyplane. Like many top-secret projects, it was entrusted to Lockheed’s famous “Skunk Works” team, headed by Kelly Johnson. They came up with the A-12 first, in 1962, and then the slightly larger SR-71, in December 1964. The fastest air-breathing, manned […]

Handley Page V/1500

The V/1500 was Britain’s first four-engine strategic bomber. It was built in response to an Air Ministry request for a long-range aircraft to “seriously worry Germany in centres where she felt herself perfectly safe from aerial attack”. The aircraft was specifically designed to be capable of bombing Berlin from bases in East Anglia. Hundley page responded with the largest British aeroplane produced during […]

McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle

The American-built F-15 is regarded as the most formidable air-superiority fighter and interceptor in the world. Designed to replace the US Air Force’s (USAF’s) F-4 Phantom II, it excels in beyond-visual-range air-to-air missions and attack. Highly manoeuvrable and super-fast (up to Mach 2.5), it can deploy from the United States as far as Europe without refueling. The F-15 has advanced aerodynamics and uses […]

Antonov An-225

Designed to carry a Buran spacecraft externally in a somewhat bizarre “piggy-back” arrangement, the Antonov An- 225 Mriya was the heaviest and most powerful aircraft ever built. So large that it dwarfed even a Boeing 747, it was essentially a stretched version of the An-124, which was a four-engine, heavylift military and civil transport aircraft. With the addition of twin fins, the An-124 might […]

English Electric Canberra

The RAF retired its last three English Electric Canberras on 28 July 2006 after more than 55 years’ service. No wonder the Canberra is regarded as one of the most successful of all Britain’s military aircraft. Designed by E.W. Petter, the Canberra was the Royal Air Force’s (RAF’s) first jet bomber. In concept it resembled the famous World War […]