Boeing B-29 Superfortress

The Boeing B-29 was the aircraft that dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The most advanced bomber to enter service in World VVar II, it surpassed all its predecessors in range, speed, payload, and the comfort it accorded its crew. Its pressurized and heated cabins completely transformed the experience of high-altitude bombing missions.
Except for a manned tail turret, the aircraft’s guns were operated from a central position by remote control using computerized sights. The front and rear compartments in the tubular fuselage were connected by a long tunnel passing over twin bomb bays.
The B-29s were devoted exclusively to the Pacific Theatre. They made their first raids on Japan in June 1944, flying from bases in India via southwest China. The aircraft had been rushed into service and showed some alarming teething troubles, including a spate of engine fires.
After the US Marines conquered the Marianas, the B-29S were able to launch a sustained bombing offensive from Pacific island bases. Their raids on Japanese cities became awesomely effective from March 1945, when high-altitude daylight bombing was replaced by night-time low-level incendiary attacks. A vast amount of devastation had already been caused by the time Enola Gay and Bock’s Car dropped their city-destroying bombs on 6 and 9 August 1945, bringing the war to an abrupt end.

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