Curtiss JN-4

The Curtiss JN-4 “Jenny” was the first aircraft to be massproduced in the United States, and was described as an aerial equivalent of the Model T Ford – cheap, reliable, and ubiquitous. A two-seat primary trainer, it evolved from the Type J, designed for the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Corporation by British engineer B.D.Thomas in 1914. The Curtiss Type J was melded with the Type N to found the JN series.
Appearing in 1916, the JN-4 was the best of the marque. It proved stunningly successful; more than 6.400 were built in several versions. During World War I they served with British, US, and Canadian forces, giving thousands of novice pilots their initial flight training.
When war ended, military surplus Jennies flooded the market and could be picked up for a reasonable price. They were the first aeroplanes that many Americans ever saw. since they were used by the “barnstormers” who toured the United States throughout the 1920s, taking passengers for pleasure flights and performing spectacular stunts. Being slow and stable, the JN-4 made an ideal mount for wing-walkers, who contrived to clamber about on the
aircraft while it was in flight.

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