Farman III Biplane

The slow but dependable Farma III was the classic pre-World War I biplane,sold around the world. Its creator, Henry (or Henri) Farman, was of English parentage but lived all his life in France.
He began his aviation career flying a Voisin hox-kite biplane. After modifying this machine extensively, including fitting ailerons, he used it to make the world’s first true crosscountry flight, a 20-minute journey from Bouy to Reims, on 30 October 1908.
Farman began producing his own machines after the Voisin company annoyed him by selling an aircraft he had ordered to another client. The Farman III was his first original design. It had downward-moving ailerons for lateral control and was initially powered by a 50-hp Vivinus engine.
During the famous Reims living meeting in August 1909 Farman replaced the Vivinus with a Gnome rotary engine an innovative aero-engine concept in which the cylinders revolved with the propeller. Light and comparatively reliable, the Gnome ensured that Farman’s aircraft became one of the Reims meeting’s star performers. While not a contender for speed records, it won the distance prize by covering 180km in just over three hours continuous flight. Farman’s aircraft manufacturing business flourished. His biplanes featured in flying meetings all over the world, making the first
flights in Brazil, China.-and Vietnam in 1910.
Because they were relatively safe and easy to fly. descendants of t he III were adopted as a standard military training aircraft.