Gloster-Whittle E.28/39

The Gloster-Whittle E.28/39 was the first jet aeroplane to fly in Britain. II was built to test the viability of the turbojet engine invented by Flight Lieutenant Frank Whittle. Apart from its powerplant the aircrafl, designed by George Carter of Gloster Aircraft, was thoroughly conventional.
It was a compact all-metal single-seater with a monococque fuselage, a low wing, and a short, retractable tricycle undercarriage,
The cockpit was a little way back from the nose air intake, and the engine was housed behind it, with a long exhaust pipe running
to the jet orifice in the tail.
After initial taxiing tests and short hops with a “ground-running” engine, the maiden flight took place on the evening of 15 May
1941. Test pilot Flight Lieutenant Gerry Sayer kept the aircraft in the air for 17 minutes, without incident. Over the next 13 days, the prototype clocked up ten hours of flying time without needing to remove the engine cover. Test flights continued for the next three years. A second protoype joined the test programme in March 1943, but was destroyed in an accident I he following July.
The Gloster company used the experience gained from these experimental flights to create the Meteor, Britain’s first jet fighter.
some of which flew in 1945. The original E.28/39 is now an exhibit at the Science Museum in London.