Junkers-Ju 52/3m

The most famous Junkers aeroplane – the
Tante Ju, as it became affectionately known – was produced in greater numbers than any other European transport aircraft. Evolved from the single-engine -Ju 52, the trimotor (3m) version was the last of the company’s designs to employ the distinctive corrugated-metal skinning originating from World War I. It was first flown in April 1932
with three Pratt & Whitney Hornet engines, although the most common of the various powerplants used was three BMW air-cooled
radial engines.
The Ju 52/3m was a supremely versatile workhorse, its various roles including airliner, freighter, troop carrier, paratroop dropper, glider tug, air ambulance, and mine-countermeasures aircraft. It operated all around the world as a civil aircraft, but from the mid-1930s it was mass-produced as a stop-gap bomber for the rapidly expanding Luftwaffe. It served in Ihe Spanish Civil War and was ubiquitous in World War II.
Most Ju 52s were used as landplanes, but the type could also be fitted with skis or floats. The largest operator of the airliner version was Deutsche Lufthansa, which had 231 of them on its inventory by the end of World War II, most of them working on the Luftwaffe’s behalf. France was a major postwar user. In total, over 4,800 Ju 52
trimotors were built.

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