Sopwith Camel

The famous Sopwith F.1 Camel destroyed more German aircraft
than any other World War I fighter, although it also had an unfortunate reputation for killing its own pilots. It was named for the “hump” over the two Vickers machine guns mounted in front of the cockpit.
The aircraft was powered hy a rotary engine, and engine, armament, and pilot were all concentrated at the front of the machine. This imbalance, coupled with the marked torque generated by the spinning engine, made it astoundingly manoeuvrable in the hands of a competent flier. However, when flown by one unaccustomed to its foibles, it could be lethal.
Supremely successful in air combat, the Camel is credited with 1,294 victories between its arrival on the Western Front in mid-1917 and the end of the War.
Camels were also used for ground attack. The Royal Naval Air Service
employed the 2F.1 variant, which could be launched from platforms on traditional warships as well as operating from the first aircraft carriers. A grand total of 5,490 Camels was produced.