Vickers Wellington

The twin-engined Wellington, affectionately known the “Wimpy”.
was the RAF’s most advanced bomber aircraft going into World War II. It boasted a “geodetic” construction patented by inventor Barnes Wallis, its fuselage and wings being formed from a latticework of intersecting aluminium units, but could only be fabric-covered, a major disadvantage.
However, the resulting airframe was light, damage-resistant, and easily repaired. This was extremely fortunate, as the slow and somewhat inadequately armed bomber often had to take a great deal of punishment.
At the beginning of the war it was used in daylight raids against German warships and ports. However, it proved hopelessly vulnerable to enemy fighters, and shocking early losses led to its transfer to night-time operations; this sharply increased its chances of survival, although the odds were stacked against it finding its target.
In April 1941 a Wellington was the first bomber to drop a 4,000lb “blockbuster” bomb on Germany. With steadily improving
armament and various changes in powerplant, the Wellington soldiered on in the night-bomber role until October 1943, earning a
reputation for reliability and ruggedness. The aircraft also served with Coastal Command, destroying 28 U-boats and torpedoing enemy vessels in the Mediterranean. After retirement from the front line, the Wellington was used as a bomber-crew trainer.

Comments

comments