Yokosuka Ohka

Essentially a piloted flying bomb, the romantically named Ohka (“Cherry Blossom”) was the only aircraft ever designed exclusively for suicide missions. It was deployed as part of the kamikaze campaign being mounted by Japanese pilots against Allied warships in the last year of the war. Based on an original suggestion by Japanese naval transport pilot, Mitsuo Ohta, the Ohka was a rocket -propelled single-seater made of wood and non-critical metal alloys, with a warhead in its nose. It was taken aloft beneath a bomber aircraft typically the t win-engine Mitsubishi G4M and launched in the air once it was within range of its target. Its pilot glided downwards before igniting a trio of solid-propellant rocket motors in the tail for the final high-speed attack run, hoping to crash into the targeted ship and explode.
In the first attempted Ohka action, on 21 March 1945, the 16 parent aircraft were intercepted and forced to release their deadly load prematurely. Success came on 1 April, when the US battleship West Virginia and three transport vessels were damaged.
The first Allied ship sunk by Ohkas was the destroyer Mannert L. Abele, off Okinawa on 12 April. However, many Ohkas were distroyed on the ground or while they were still attached to their parent aircraft, so their desperate attacks did little to offset Allied aerial and naval supremacy.

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